Music as a Language Learning Tool
Music is a fantastic language learning tool and such an easy way for children to learn and practice a language because it is such a natural part of our daily lives.
We hear music everywhere we go. In the car, on the TV, and when we go shopping; many parents sing to put our littles one asleep at night, and we teach songs to our children to help them remember certain things.
Because of music we are able to memorise information that we wouldn’t otherwise be able to.
Think of how you learned your Abc’s as a child, by singing a catchy song!
Learning a Language Through Music
Music is one of the best ways to teach kids a language. Below you can find how kids (and adults) can learn a language through music.
Children can learn to sing before they speak
Even before children start talking proper sentences, most will be able to sing a song or part of it. Our brains seem to remember language easier when the words are used with music.
Before each of my children even could speak sentences, they could sing “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star” in English word for word because it was one of the songs I sang to them before bed every night.
Even before they started speaking Spanish, our kids could sing Spanish songs, because they would hear them on the radio.
Neither me or my husband speak Spanish, nor did we know the words to the songs, but we would watch him singing in Spanish to himself in amazement.
Lyrics teach all types of vocabulary
Different songs can be used to teach your child specific vocabulary. When teaching English to children I always started a class with a good round of singing:
– The alphabet can be taught by singing the “ABC’s”
– Parts of the body can be taught by singing “The Hokey Pokey”
– Farm animals can be taught by singing “Old Mc Donald had a Farm”
– Numbers can be taught by singing “5 Little Monkeys”
Most of the songs translate into many languages so by playing them and singing to your child they can easily pick them up.
For bilingual or multilingual children who know the song in one language, it will be easier for them to understand the meaning of the song when they hear it in another.
Rhyming helps to learn similar words and prepare for reading
Most children’s songs are simple and have rhyming words which are easy for kids to remember.
Learning to rhyme is an important skill to have when starting to read in any language. We love listening to nursery rhymes and also like to make up our own songs using words that rhyme.
Using movement helps to enforce the meaning
Songs that include movement such as “If your happy and you know it” and “Heads, shoulders, knees and toes”, reinforce the lyrics of the song.
By pointing at things you are saying, or performing the actions that are sang, children will learn to associate the words they are saying to the movements they are making.
Children don’t realise they are learning
Even when children don’t know the words to the songs, music can play such an important role in the learning process as they don’t actually realise they are learning. When I put music on at home, my kids immediately start to dance and try to sing along.
You don’t have to be a professional singer, you just have to be enthusiastic. Children’s songs are usually easy to learn so even if you have to learn them before you sing them to your children it won’t take you long at all.
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Dear Ms. Bonfiglio, you have another point, maybe bigger than you may think. I read an interesting book, that says apparently, there is no limit to memory storage in human mind: in ancient times, more or less till the 19th century, reading or studying anything would have meant learning it by heart, for the good reason that paper costed a now unbelievable lot of money. So, our ancestors mastered many techniques to learn something by heart, most of them now forgotten (irony!). The most catching used music: even today Muslim imams knows all the Quran by heart because they don’t memorize, they sing it according to certain rules.
More modestly, I myself managed to learn a little of somewhat unusual foreign languages, one of them Modern Greek, with songs: sit at a καφένιο, aka coffee shop, listen to radio, pick a song you like, shazam it and do your homework with lyrics. It does work!