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Teaching your bilingual child to read in the minority language
If you are raising a bilingual child and have no plans to send them to an international or bilingual school, it will be up to you as a parent to teach them how to read in the minority language. If not they may grow up bilingual, but not biliterate.
Some languages are similar enough that your child’s reading skills will transfer to the minority language, however if there are different alphabets, or different phonic sounds, this may not be the case.
Firstly, make sure you read our post on the stages of reading development.
Then use these ideas which can be used for children learning to read in any language.
1. Read to your child in the minority language every day
By reading to your child daily you can teach them to enjoy it. Even from infancy when they don’t understand, if you read loud, you can introduce them to new vocabulary while also creating a strong bond between the two of you.
The more you read to your children the more words they will hear and the more vocabulary they will soak in. This is extremely important for the minority language as this is the language your child will be less exposed to, especially when they start school. Try different types of books so they can hear a wide range of words. Don’t be scared to use bigger words just because your children are young, you will be amazed at how much they are able to understand.
From the day my boys were born I have read to them, I set aside some time each day to read a book or two together, especially bedtime stories and they really enjoy it.
2. Teach your child the letter sounds rather than their names
Instead of teaching your child the letter names, first teach them the sounds the letters make. Of course eventually they will need to know the name of them however for them to start reading it’s more important to know the sounds they make so then eventually they can start to put those sounds together to create words.
Read more about teaching your child to read using phonics.
Letters are everywhere you look, so when you can remember, point them out and ask your child what sound it makes.
3. Make learning to read fun
When doing arts and crafts at home, I try to incorporate a learning activity such as colouring or decorating letters. You can then make a game out of it. For example ask which animals start with that letter or play “I spy” searching for things around you starting with that letter.
This helps with the recognition of letters and what sounds they make by having to think of things that start with that letter. They enjoy it without realise they are learning.
4. Sight words are important when teaching your child to read
Some words cannot be sounded out therefore they have to be memorised. These can be learned from an early age. Flashcards are great for this. You can play games such as word bingo, or snap to help with the recognition. They will learn the word the same way as they learn the letters or the names of certain objects by identifying the word as a whole, rather than sounding out the letters.
5. Word Families help children learning to read
We haven’t yet got to this stage with my children yet, however with other older children I have taught in the past I have found that teaching similar words that rhyme helps them see patterns when they read. Eg. If they learn to read “cat” it will be easier for them to learn how to read “sat” or “hat”. Recognising rhyming words is an important language skill in any language.
6. Be a good example and read yourself
One of the most important things is for yourself to be a good example. Children are the best at imitating, if your child sees you reading, then they might want to read too. Read together daily and show your child how much you enjoy it and you will pass on a love of reading to your child.
One thing I have learned over the years is that all children learn differently so what works for one may not work for another and you may need to try a few different things. But like all activities, if you make learning fun then they will enjoy it and be able to get the most out of it.